The Washington Monument is an obelisk on the National Mall in Washington, D. C. , built to commemorate George Washington, once commander-in-chief of the Continental Army and the first President of the United States. Located almost due east of the Reflecting Pool and the Lincoln Memorial, the monument, made of marble, granite, and bluestone gneiss, is both the world's tallest predominantly stone structure and the world's tallest obelisk,[A] standing 554 feet 7 11⁄32 inches (169. 046 m) tall according to the National Geodetic Survey (measured 2013–14) or 555 feet 5 1⁄8 inches (169. 294 m) tall according to the National Park Service (measured 1884). [B] It is the tallest monumental column in the world if all are measured above their pedestrian entrances. [A] It was the tallest structure in the world from 1884 to 1889, when it was overtaken by the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
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